The Italian artist and director Romeo Castellucci (Cesena, 1960) studied scenography and painting at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Bologna. In 1981, Castellucci and his wife and fellow theatre maker Chiara Guidi, his sister Claudia and brother Paolo founded the Socìetas Raffaello Sanzio ensemble. They named it after the Renaissance painter Raphael. They developed a highly pictorial, layered style of theatre, drenched in symbolism. In the 1990s, Castellucci created various productions based on classic texts such as Gilgamesh (1990) and Oresteia (1997) and the classic Hamlet (1992). He then started work on the three-year monumental theatre cycle Tragedia Endogonidia, of which eleven parts have been performed in ten different European cities. In 2008, Castellucci produced a trilogy based on Dante’s Divine Comedy as an associate artist at the Festival d’Avignon. In 2010, this trilogy was the only theatre production to be included by the French daily newspaper Le Monde in its list of the most important cultural events between 2000 and 2012. Castellucci’s work has been performed in more than fifty countries across the world. In 1996, he received the European Nouvelle Réalité Théâtrale Prize and in 2002 he was named Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres by the French Ministry of Culture. The Venice Biennial awarded him a Golden Lion in 2013 for his theatrical oeuvre. One year later he received an honorary doctorate from the Alma Mater Studiorum of the University of Bologna as well as a prize for Best Director by the German opera magazine Opernwelt. Castellucci’s previous productions at the Holland Festival include Giulio Cesare (1998) Genesi, from the museum of sleep (1999), Il combattimento (2000) and On the Concept of the Face, Regarding the Son of God (2011).