repertoire. He is also a Lieder and concert singer. Kaufmann's talent as an actor distinguishes him from the stereotypical image of the star tenor. After finishing his studies at the Hochschule für Musik und Theater in his native city of Munich in 1994, Kaufmann celebrated successes in Germany with lyrical roles in Mozart and Verdi operas, such as Tamino in Die Zauberflöte and Alfredo in La Traviata. He made his debut at the Salzburg Festival in Busoni's Doktor Faust (1999). His international career took off in 2001, with roles in prestigious the opera houses of New York, Vienna, Chicago, Zurich, Brussels, Paris and London. He performed more demanding roles in this period, such as Faust in Berlioz's La Damnation de Faust and Gounod's Faust, Don José in Bizet's Carmen, Florestan in Beethoven's Fidelio and Max in Weber's Freischütz. Kaufmann showed his versatility by performing Mozart roles at the same time, such as Tamino in Die Zauberflöte, Belmonte in Die Entführung and Tito in La clemenza di Tito. Since 2008 he has concentrated on heavy Italian roles, such as Cavaradossi in Puccini's Tosca, Don Carlo in Verdi's Don Carlo and Radames in Aida, Turiddu in Mascagni's Cavalleria Rusticana, and Canio in Leoncavallo's Pagliacci. Kaufmann has also gradually expanded his Wagnerian repertoire, with roles such as Lohengrin, Parsifal and Siegmund in DieWalküre, and Walther in Die Meistersinger. He debuted at the Bayreuth Festival in 2010. Kaufmann again demonstrated his versatility by recording the operetta album Du bist die Welt für mich in 2014. Kaufmann has underlined his star status by releasing a series of award-winning solo albums since 2007. He has won several Gramophone Awards and Diapasons d'ors. Echo Klassik and Opernwelt named him singer of the year, and he was awarded the German Federal Cross of Merit in 2016. Eva-Maria Westbroek is is widely regarded as one of the finest sopranos of our time. Westbroek studied at the Royal Conservatory of The Hague. Her teachers included the Italian soprano Iris Adami Corradetti and the American tenor James McCray. She debuted as opera singer at the Aldeburgh Festival in 1994 and secured a 5-year contract at the Staatsoper Stuttgart in 2001. She performed roles such as Carlotta Nardi in Franz Schreker’s Die Gezeichneten, Donna Anna in Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s Don Giovanni and Emilia Marty in Věc Makropulos by Leoš Janáček. In 2006, while leaving Stuttgart, she was given the title of 'Kammersängerin der Staatsoper Stuttgart'. In 2003 she debuted at the Salzburger Festspiele with a performance of Egon Wellesz’s Die Backchantinnen and in 2004 she sang in Dialogues des carmélites by Francis Poulenc in the Opéra Bastille in Paris. In 2011 she performed her first world premiere in the Royal Opera House in London in the role of the American actress Anna Nicole Smith, in Mark-Anthony Turnage’s opera about the actress’s life. Westbroek won the prestigious classic music prize the Grand Prix Antoine Livio in 2008. With the DVD release of her debut at the Dutch National Opera in the role of Katerina Izmailova in Dmitri Shostakovich's Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk Westbroek won the Dutch VSCD Klassieke Muziekprijs. In the Holland Festival Proms in 2013 she sang with Amsterdam Sinfonietta. In 2016 Westbroek closed the season of Dutch National Opera with a performance of two heroines: Cleopatra from La mort de Cléopâtre (Berlioz) and the title role of Salome (Strauss). She performed with the Rotterdam Philharmonic Orchestra conducted by Jaap van Zweden. This season she can be seen twice at Dutch National Opera: in the title role of Manon Lescaut and as Marie in Wozzeck. The Hague Philharmonic was founded in 1904. It organises its concert series in the Dr. Anton Philipszaal. The orchestra's annual traditions include Festival Classique's Hofvijver concert and accompanying one of the Dutch National Opera's opera productions. In the 1950s, when The Hague Philharmonic was led by Willem van Otterloo, it made dozens of recordings which are still available. Subsequent conductors, like Hans Vonk, Gennady Rozhdestvensky and Neeme Järvi, have continued the developing the orchestra's good discography. Jan Willem de Vriend has been its conductor since 2015.